Vietnam Fisheries towards a more sustainable and responsible development
Le, Thi Ngoc Thuy (2018)
Le, Thi Ngoc Thuy
Hallintotieteiden tutkinto-ohjelma - Degree Programme in Administrative Studies
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It is true that most countries in the world are very interested in sustainable development in the socio-economic fields. "Sustainable development" is even seen as a strategy and goal of many countries. As Vietnam is a coastal country with many advantages to develop its fisheries activities, the Party and the State attach great importance to the development of the fisheries sector. The fisheries sector has become one of the key economic sectors, ranking the fourth in export turnover in Vietnam. In the 60 years of establishment and development, the fisheries sector has achieved many remarkable achievements. However, the development of the fisheries sector should be evaluated for sustainability. Therefore, I decided to do this study. I hope to find out effective solutions that assist Vietnam fisheries towards a more sustainable and responsible development. This study applied both of the quantitative and qualitative methods. The primary data were collected through 25 interviews with open-ended questions and the survey results of the previous studies. The secondary material consists of documents and statistical data from official sources of Vietnam such as the General Statistics Office (GSO), the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Research Institute of Marine Fisheries (RIMF). The findings of the research reassured the important role of sustainable development of Vietnam fisheries in international economic integration. Furthermore, the findings of the research indicated that the fisheries sector should propagandize and raise awareness of managers and fishermen in the implementation of Fisheries Law 2017, especially the co-management in the protection of fisheries resources, the exploitation according to quotas, combating IUU-fishing (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing), and overcoming the yellow card of the European Union. The research contributed to practice of sustainable development in Vietnam fisheries and suggested solutions to assist Vietnam fisheries towards a sustainable development.