High-volume evacuation mitigates viral aerosol spread in dental procedures
Malmgren, Rasmus; Välimaa, Hanna; Oksanen, Lotta; Sanmark, Enni; Nikuri, Petra; Heikkilä, Paavo; Hakala, Jani; Ahola, Aleksi; Yli-Urpo, Simeoni; Palomäki, Ville; Asmi, Eija; Sofieva, Svetlana; Rostedt, Antti; Laitinen, Sirpa; Romantschuk, Martin; Sironen, Tarja; Atanasova, Nina; Paju, Susanna; Lahdentausta-Suomalainen, Laura (2023)
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Dental healthcare personnel (DHCP) are subjected to microbe-containing aerosols and splatters in their everyday work. Safer work conditions must be developed to ensure the functioning of the healthcare system. By simulating dental procedures, we aimed to compare the virus-containing aerosol generation of four common dental instruments, and high-volume evacuation (HVE) in their mitigation. Moreover, we combined the detection of infectious viruses with RT-qPCR to form a fuller view of virus-containing aerosol spread in dental procedures. The air–water syringe produced the highest number of aerosols. HVE greatly reduced aerosol concentrations during procedures. The air–water syringe spread infectious virus-containing aerosols throughout the room, while other instruments only did so to close proximity. Additionally, infectious viruses were detected on the face shields of DHCP. Virus genomes were detected throughout the room with all instruments, indicating that more resilient viruses might remain infectious and pose a health hazard. HVE reduced the spread of both infectious viruses and viral genomes, however, it did not fully prevent them. We recommend meticulous use of HVE, a well-fitting mask and face shields in dental procedures. We advise particular caution when operating with the air–water syringe. Due to limited repetitions, this study should be considered a proof-of-concept report.
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