Statin use and outcomes of oncological treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer
Peltomaa, A. I.; Talala, K.; Taari, K.; Tammela, T. L.J.; Auvinen, A.; Murtola, T. J. (2023)
Peltomaa, A. I.
Tammela, T. L.J.
Murtola, T. J.
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
To compare the effect of statin use in relation to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treatment, we assessed the risk of ADT-treated PCa-patients to initiate CRPC treatment by statin use and the outcomes of CRPC treatment by statin use. Our study cohort consisted of 1169 men who participated in the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (FinRSPC) and initiated androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) during the follow-up (1996–2017). Statin use was associated with slightly decreased risk of initiating CRPC treatment (HR 0.68; 95% CI 0.47–0.97) with a 5.7 years’ median follow-up until CRPC for non-users and 7.5 years for statin users. The risk of discontinuation of first or second line CRPC treatment due to inefficacy was not modified by statin use and the results remained similar in subgroup analysis assessing separately patients treated with taxans or androgen receptor signaling inhibitors. We observed an inverse association between statin use and the risk of initiation of the CRPC treatment. No beneficial risk modification by statin use during CRPC treatment was observed. These results suggest that statins might be beneficial during hormone-sensitive phase but not in the later phases of prostate cancer treatment.
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