Exudative age-related macular degeneration lesion components predicting microperimetric retinal sensitivity during anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment
Bygglin, Henrik; Immonen, Ilkka; Luoma, Arto; Hautamäki, Asta (2023-05-25)
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Purpose: To analyse the effect of exudative age-related macular degeneration (eAMD) lesion components on retinal sensitivity during anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment. Methods: Visual acuity, fluorescein and indocyanine green (ICG) angiographies, autofluorescence images, microperimetries and optical coherence tomographies (OCTs) of 24 eyes of 24 patients were prospectively analysed in a 2-year study of pro-re-nata bevacizumab treatment for eAMD. Microperimetries were aligned with the OCTs, angiographies and autofluorescence images. Thicknesses of the neuroretina, pigment epithelial (RPE) elevation, neuroepithelial detachment (NED), subretinal tissue (SRT) and cystic intraretinal fluid were measured under each stimulus site, and areas of type 1 and type 2 macular neovascularizations (MNVs), ICG plaque, haemorrhage and RPE atrophy were identified. The effects and predictive values of lesion components on retinal sensitivity were analysed with multivariate mixed linear models for repeated measurements. Results: The overall microperimetric retinal sensitivity increased during the first year (from 10.1 dB at baseline to 11.9 dB at 1 year; p = 0.021, Wilcoxon signed ranks), but remained the same during the second year (11.5 dB, p = 0.301). The baseline lesion components most strongly predicting deteriorated sensitivity at 1 year were RPE atrophy, the area of Type 2 MNV, intraretinal cysts, haemorrhage, Type 1 MNV and retinal thickening >350 μm. NED and RPE elevation had only small effects. At 2 years, the predictive values of the baseline lesion components remained quite unchanged. Conclusion: The most powerful predictors of retinal sensitivity loss during 2 years of treatment were RPE atrophy, areas of haemorrhage, the area of MNVs, intraretinal cysts and SRT. RPE elevation and NED had lesser effects.
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