The Association of Metformin, Other Antidiabetic Medications, and Statins With the Prognosis of Colon Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes : A Retrospective Cohort Study
Erkinantti, Sami; Hautakoski, Ari; Sund, Reijo; Arffman, Martti; Urpilainen, Elina; Puistola, Ulla; Jukkola, Arja; Peeter, Karihtala; Läärä, Esa (2022)
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Background: Use of metformin and statins have been associated with improved prognosis of colon cancer (CC) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We examined the survival from CC in relation to the use of metformin, other oral antidiabetic medications (ADM), insulin, and statins in T2D patients. Materials and Methods: A cohort (n = 2252) of persons with pre-existing T2D diagnosed with incident CC between 1998 and 2011 was identified from several Finnish registers. Cox models were fitted for cause-specific mortality rates to obtain adjusted estimates of the hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) in relation to use of ADM and statins before the CC diagnosis. Cox models were also fitted for mortality in relation to post-diagnostic use of the medications treating these as time-dependent exposures, and starting follow-up 1 year after the CC diagnosis Results: Pre- and post-diagnostic metformin use was weakly associated with the risk of CC–related death (HR.75; 95% CI.58-.99, and HR.78; 95% CI.54-1.14, respectively) compared to the use of other oral ADMs. Pre- and post-diagnostic statin use predicted a reduced risk of CC–related death (HR.83; 95% CI.71-.98, and HR.69; 95% CI.54-.89, respectively). Conclusion: Additional evidence was found for use of statins being associated with an improved survival from CC in patients with pre-existing T2D, but for metformin use the evidence was weaker.
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