Learned Enhancement Filters for Image Coding for Machines
Ahonen, Jukka I.; Youvalari, Ramin G.; Le, Nam; Zhang, Honglei; Cricri, Francesco; Tavakoli, Hamed Rezazadegan; Hannuksela, Miska M.; Rahtu, Esa (2021)
Ahonen, Jukka I.
Youvalari, Ramin G.
Tavakoli, Hamed Rezazadegan
Hannuksela, Miska M.
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Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Machine-To-Machine (M2M) communication applications and use cases, such as object detection and instance segmentation, are becoming mainstream nowadays. As a consequence, majority of multimedia content is likely to be consumed by machines in the coming years. This opens up new challenges on efficient compression of this type of data. Two main directions are being explored in the literature, one being based on existing traditional codecs, such as the Versatile Video Coding (VVC) standard, that are optimized for human-Targeted use cases, and another based on end-To-end trained neural networks. However, traditional codecs have significant benefits in terms of interoperability, real-Time decoding, and availability of hardware implementations over end-To-end learned codecs. Therefore, in this paper, we propose learned post-processing filters that are targeted for enhancing the performance of machine vision tasks for images reconstructed by the VVC codec. The proposed enhancement filters provide significant improvements on the target tasks compared to VVC coded images. The conducted experiments show that the proposed post-processing filters provide about 45% and 49% Bjontegaard Delta Rate gains over VVC in instance segmentation and object detection tasks, respectively.
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