Probabilistic Camera-to-Kinematic Model Calibration for Long-Reach Robotic Manipulators in Unknown Environments
Mäkinen, Petri; Mustalahti, Pauli; Launis, Sirpa; Mattila, Jouni (2022)
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In this paper, we present a methodology for extrinsic calibration of a camera attached to a long-reach manipulator in an unknown environment. The methodology comprises coarse frame alignment and fine matching based on probabilistic point set registration. The coarse frame alignment is based on the known initial pose and assists in the fine matching step, which is based on robust generalized point set registration that utilizes position and orientation data. Comparison with other methods utilizing only position data is provided. The first 6 DOF point set is obtained using a SLAM algorithm running on a camera attached near the tip of a manipulator, whereas the second point set is obtained using a kinematic model and joint encoders. Real- time experiments and a use case are presented. The results demonstrate that the proposed methodology is suited for the application, and that it can be useful in operations requiring precise visual measurements obtained near the tip of the manipulator.
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