COVID-19-Related Job Demands and Resources, Organizational Support, and Employee Well-Being : A Study of Two Nordic Countries
Lilja, Johanna; Fladmark, Silje; Nuutinen, Sanna; Bordi, Laura; Larjovuori, Riitta-Liisa; Innstrand, Siw Tone; Christensen, Marit; Heikkilä-Tammi, Kirsi (2022-03-11)
Innstrand, Siw Tone
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
The purpose of this study is to examine how COVID-19-related job demands and resources have been associated with employee well-being in Nordic countries across specific occupational groups. The study investigated four occupational groups: (1) professional, scientific, and technical occupations in Norway (n = 301); (2) teachers in Finland (n = 315); (3) health and social service occupations in Norway (n = 267); and (4) geriatric nurses in Finland (n = 105). Hypotheses were tested using two-step hierarchical regression analysis. Work–home imbalance in Groups 1, 2, and 3, workload increase in Groups 1 and 3, and fear of infection in Groups 2 and 3 were positively related with exhaustion. A positive attitude towards digital solutions was positively related to work engagement in Groups 2 and 3. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between COVID-19-related organizational support and work engagement in Groups 2, 3, and 4, and a negative relationship with exhaustion in Group 2. In conclusion, pandemic-related job demands and resources were differently associated with employee well-being across different occupational groups and countries. Further, organizational support may act as a supportive element for sustaining employee well-being during pandemics.
- TUNICRIS-julkaisut