Measuring functional outcome in upper extremity soft-tissue sarcoma : Validation of the Toronto extremity salvage score and the QuickDASH patient-reported outcome instruments
Ketola, Helena; Kask, Gilber; Barner-Rasmussen, Ian; Tukiainen, Erkki; Blomqvist, Carl; Laitinen, Minna K.; Kautiainen, Hannu; Kiiski, Juha; Repo, Jussi P. (2022)
Laitinen, Minna K.
Repo, Jussi P.
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Interest in functional outcome (FO) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in extremity soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) patients has increased. The aim of this study was to validate two FO questionnaires for upper extremity STS patients: the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) and short version of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH), based on Finnish population data. A multi-center study was conducted at two academic sarcoma centers. Surgically treated upper extremity STS patients were invited to participate. Patients completed the TESS and the QuickDASH with HRQL questionnaires the 15D and the QLQ-C30. The scores were analyzed and compared. Fifty-five patients with a mean follow-up period of 4.7 years were included. Mean age was 63 years (standard deviation [SD] 14.6). The mean score for TESS was 88.5 (SD 15.1) and for QuickDASH 17.8 (SD 19.6). The QuickDASH had a statistically significantly better score coverage. A ceiling effect was noted, 27% and 20% for TESS and QuickDASH, respectively. The TESS and QuickDASH scores were strongly correlated (r= -0.89). The TESS score strongly correlated with the QLQ-C30 (r = 0.79) and the 15D score (r = 0.70). The QuickDASH score correlated strongly with the QLQ-C30 score (r=-0.71) and moderately with the 15D score (r= -0.56). The TESS score had a statistically significantly stronger correlation with the 15D score than QuickDASH (p<0.005). Both the TESS and the QuickDASH provide reliable scores for assessing FO in upper extremity STS patients. The QuickDASH has a better coverage, whereas TESS showed a stronger correlation to HRQL scores.
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