Value-based healthcare logics and their implications for Nordic health policies
Kokko,Petra; Kork,Anna-Aurora (2020-11-09)
HEALTH SERVICES MANAGEMENT RESEARCH
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Value-based healthcare (VBHC) is a widely approved logic for financing services, using innovative care models and evaluating healthcare outcomes. It is consistent with the Triple Aim framework of simultaneously improving population health, patient experience and the costs of care. In Nordic countries, VBHC has been mainly implemented as a strategic concept in developing hospitals. Despite the evident interest in VBHC as a management trend in healthcare organisations, the studies concerning the implications of VBHC logics on health policies have been scant. This study aimed to fill this gap by building a conceptual bridge between national health policy and value-based care. Through the Triple Aim framework, we explored how VBHC goals have evolved in Finnish Government Programmes from 1995 to 2015 by using qualitative document analysis and interviews. The study addresses the evolution and national impacts of VBHC. Our results show that the goals of Triple Aim gradually become evident at the Finnish health policies. All three Triple Aim goals were present, though the equal prioritisation of these goals only emerged in 2015, also highlighting patient experience. We argue that VBHC logics have indeed affected Nordic welfare policies, not only at the organisational level but also concerning performance measurement and care delivery. This may imply that the diffusion of VBHC logics evolves from healthcare organisations to policymaking instead of top-down. Particularly in publicly financed systems, VBHC indicates a transformation to a new public governance ideology, accelerating policy goals that promote customer responsiveness and value creation for citizens.
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