Is 50 Hz high enough ECG sampling frequency for accurate HRV analysis?
Mahdiani, Shadi; Jeyhani, Vala; Peltokangas, Mikko; Vehkaoja, Antti (2015)
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With the worldwide growth of mobile wireless technologies, healthcare services can be provided at anytime and anywhere. Usage of wearable wireless physiological monitoring system has been extensively increasing during the last decade. These mobile devices can continuously measure e.g. the heart activity and wirelessly transfer the data to the mobile phone of the patient. One of the significant restrictions for these devices is usage of energy, which leads to requiring low sampling rate. This article is presented in order to investigate the lowest adequate sampling frequency of ECG signal, for achieving accurate enough time domain heart rate variability (HRV) parameters. For this purpose the ECG signals originally measured with high 5 kHz sampling rate were down-sampled to simulate the measurement with lower sampling rate. Down-sampling loses information, decreases temporal accuracy, which was then restored by interpolating the signals to their original sampling rates. The HRV parameters obtained from the ECG signals with lower sampling rates were compared. The results represent that even when the sampling rate of ECG signal is equal to 50 Hz, the HRV parameters are almost accurate with a reasonable error.
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