Characterization of thermally aged polyetheretherketone fibres : Mechanical, thermal, rheological and chemical property changes
Mylläri, Ville; Ruoko, Tero-Petri; Vuorinen, Jyrki; Lemmetyinen, Helge (2015-10-01)
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This paper investigates the effects of thermal degradation on polyetheretherketone (PEEK) fibres. PEEK samples were aged at a constant temperature of 250 °C for 1-128 days and characterized with mechanical tests, FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry), rheology, TGA (Thermogravimetric Analysis), SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy), and UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The short-term thermal annealing had a positive effect on the mechanical properties, due to the formation and growth of secondary crystals. Crosslinking in the material was verified by rheological inspections. The crosslinking increased the mechanical strength and modulus but reduced the elongation at break of the fibres. FTIR tests showed that carbonyl and hydroxyl groups were slowly formed on the surface of the fibres while ring opening reactions took place. The thermal ageing reduced the thermal stability of PEEK. The decreased stability was observed in the decomposition onset temperature after 8 d and in the melting point and the glass transition temperature after 32 d. The first signs of degradation, crosslinking, embrittlement, and reduced thermal stability, were visible roughly after 8 d of ageing, whereas the deterioration in general usability occurred after 64 d.
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