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In Search of Strategic Consciousness and Using Plans as Mirrors: The Case of Raisio Town
In Finland strategic planning has become a popular means to seek a more comprehensive view on development and futures, but if policy-makers are locked in the too instrumental view, their view on strategic planning remain ...
Teaching Futures Seeking Communicative Policy-Processes
Some characterizations of totients
The Finnish Multi-Level Policy-Making and the Quality of Local Development Policy Process: The Cases of Oulu and Seinänaapurit Sub-regions
Theoretically this paper is based on soft strategy (communicative strategic planning) that balances different sides of policy-making, i.e. its instrumental, social, communicative and processual aspects. The main starting ...
The Citizen moves from the audience to the arena